All long the beaches one can find eco-lodges and cabanas spread amongst the pristine fine white sand. Within the quaint town, small international and domestic palapa-style restaurants line the main road. But by far the main attraction to Tulum is its fantastic Ruins.
The Tulum ruins epitomize the town’s essence and beauty. Established on a bluff overlooking the Caribbean, these small but magical ruins yield awes and spectacular scenes. Although not it’s original name, Tulum means “wall” in Quintana Roo Maya. According to historians the Tulum ruins were formally named, “Zama”, which means, “to Dawn”. Tulum was the name given to the location upon its rediscovery by Stephens and Catherwood before the Caste War in 1847.
According to regional historians, Tulum was a major port for the Maya’s vast extensive trade network. Land and maritime trade routes met in Tulum, Mexico. Artifacts found in the Tulum ruins ranged in origin from central Mexico to Central America, confirming the theory of expansive trade capacity. It is theorized that the city lay in ruins after the decimation of its native population by the diseases brought over from Europe. Visiting the Tulum ruins today, tourists can still find relatively well-preserved structures on the ancient pre-hispanic site. These political and religious structures are those that best survived the elements after their abandonment. Remnants of other minor buildings lay scattered.