For countless religions and belief structures the difference between life and the mystical afterlife meant one thing, going underground. From the Greek version of Hades to the Christian version of Hell, all religions use the underworld as a place for the dead. The Mayans were no different, only their underworld now has a real starting point.
On the Yucatan Peninsula archeologists have discovered a series of underground corridors and temples. As they examined the underground tunnels further they discovered some of the areas were flooded to the point of needing scuba gear. One theorist has suggested that the underground passages were dug while filled with water the entire time, and required divers to hold their breath.
If you have a vacation to the Yucatan planned in the coming future, having an idea of what to do can be all the difference between fun and just wanting to be done. To get this plan together, you may want to have an idea of what are the best things to see or do in the Yucatan. By having an idea, you won’t be completely lost when you arrive and make everything go much smoother.
The Yucatan is the epicenter of the ancient Mayan world. It’s home to the biggest pyramid in the western hemisphere, El Castillo in Chichen Itza. If you find yourself in the Yucatan, you’ll thank yourself for making the trip to Chichen Itza.
Judeo-Christian ideas of the apocalypse led to an easy interpretation of the Mayan vision of cosmic cycles and resulted in the alleged prophecies of the end of the world, reported the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH).
"When the Mayan writing began to be deciphered and was found that, among other things, meant the end of cycles, it became an easy interpretation from the perspective of the Western thought, linking this to an apocalyptic vision of the end of the world", say experts cited by INAH in a statement.
The city of Calakmul was one of the most powerful cities in the Mayan world and especially of Southern Mexico. When individual entered the territories controlled by the city of Calakmul, the city’s emblem could be seen in numerous places. The emblem depicted the head of a snake. This emblem let all travelers and newcomers looking to make a claim in the in the area know the land was already owned by the Snake Kingdom.
The Snake Kingdom was at its peak during the Classic period, which is the later end of the Mayan history. The city itself boasted one of the highest populations for any city of its day, a whopping 50,000 residents. The city
governors and politicians ruled cities and villages as far away as 150 kilometers.
Chichen Itza is the largest and most famous Mayan site in the Yucatan Peninsula. Because of the sheer size and scope of the ruins, it’s best to have an idea of what you want to see when you arrive. Walking around randomly will only confuse your senses and perhaps make miss out on something you’d enjoy more. To help you figure out what are the most popular things to see at Chichen Itza, I’ve compiled a short guide.
There are 7 different ball courts at Chichen Itza; the grandest of them all is named the Great Ball Court. Archaeologists aren’t sure of the exact rules, but they have uncovered evidence that many of the players were sacrificed at the end of the game. If you want to have a truly rewarding visit to Chichen Itza, then a stop at the Great Ball Court is a must.
The Mayas had a "musical scale" very different from the five Western notes, experts said. They analyzed 125 instruments, including flutes, ocarinas, trumpets, horns, ceramic, conch shells, an official source said. EFE, Mexico
"These artifacts emit musical sounds whose scale is not as the Western scale, that is, it has its own range, which experts have preliminarily defined as of Mayan type," the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) said in a statement.
October can be described as one of the spookiest times of year. In most North Americans minds it brings about images of witches, pumpkins, and most of all candy. But south of the American border the time is celebrated in a much different manner. It’s called the Day of the Dead.
In Mexico the celebrations isn’t just one day, it last several. From October 28 to November 2nd. Many outsiders see the Day of the Dead as a strange embrace of death amongst an entire nation. In reality, it is a celebration of life, how precious it is, and how each life must eventually come to an end.
The Mayan culture is one of the most interesting in the world. It has undergone significant changes through the centuries, and the history of the Maya is very interesting for people today.
The Maya were one of the Mesoamerican civilizations that lived in the lands of Central America before the Spanish conquistadors came. The Maya were familiar with cultivation as far back as 3000 BC, and their main source of food was maize and game, as well as fish.
The ball court at Chichen Itza is one of the oldest known game courts in human history. The game is often referred to as Tiatchtli, and has been played since 1,000 B.C. Modern versions of the game are still played to this day by local populations, but the how the details of the game and how it was played by their ancient Mayan ancestors is still unknown.
Most people recognize the famous stone goals; this is actually a later addition to the game. The original version is even more mysterious than the late versions; seeing that we have no idea how they kept score before the stone hoop was added. The few rules we do know of belong to the time after a stone hoop was instituted. A single successful hoop could make a win, and being able to touch the ball to the vertical stone hoop scored individual points.
The idea of going to see Mayan ruins crosses the minds of millions each year, but don’t let a crowd stop you. There are great Mayan ruins that aren’t as crowded but just as wonderful to visit. The Mayan site of Cahal Pech is one of these locations. Located in the Cayo area of Western Belize, the site offers more than a few Mayan buildings and ruins to see.
The site itself is a type of archeological enigma. No one seems to know when it was discovered. The first time, on paper, that the ruins of Cahal Pech were discovered it was during the beginning of WWII, in the mid 1930’s. Because of the war efforts and the resources that were taken to fight, the first official dig held at the Cahal Pech site was in the 1950’s peacetime, 1950 to be exact.
The Mayan people are, perhaps, best known for their awe-inspiring architecture, which ranged from magnificent, pyramid-shaped temples to simple homes for the commoners. Their style changed slightly over the generations, but never lost the mystique that surrounds these great buildings, hidden deep within the jungles of South and Central America.
Though all of the cities share the same basic style, their planning for each development was effected by such things as terrain and what building materials were available. The buildings that were set upon a layer of limestone, for example, became expansive municipalities. Other sites, built into the hills and mountains, used this to their advantage, building their towers and elaborate temples to soaring heights. All of the cities, however, were built with some of the same aspects.
December 21st 2012 is the day that the entire world has been waiting for because it is supposed to be the purported ‘Doomsday’ or the day when the world would come to an end. The phenomenon about Doomsday has taken the world by storm, and it is on everybody’s lips thanks to the Internet, the news, movies and even in song lyrics. However, is it truly as catastrophic as all the hype surrounding it claims?
If you plan on making a trip to Chichen Itza, then you’ll be sure to see many of the main attractions, such as the Great Ballcourt, El Castillo, and the Observatory. What you want to keep your eyes open for are the few little known ruins and sites that many pass up without notice. After all, the big things are easy to notice, it’s the little things that make their trip worth your wild.
The Red House is named this because of the flakes and scrapes of red paint that were found inside the structure. It was built on a high platform, and is pronounced Chichen Choob in the Mayan language. It is translated as "small holes" and most assume it points to the lime comb roof.
Some 50 pieces of pre-Hispanic Peru Waka city are displayed at the National Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, located in zone 13. The exhibition is open until May 28th.
GUATEMALA CITY. - The pieces are an indicative of the artistic and cultural legacy of the Mayan civilization settled in Petén, and have been obtained by the activities of The Peru-Waka ' Project, thanks to the archaeologists who perform investigations and excavations since 2003 in that department.
José Roman Robertos Moguel has a degree in Anthropology with Specialization in Archeology from the School of
Anthropology at the Autonomous University of Yucatan:
The question I asked was innocent and almost superficial, as if something was sensed but did not know exactly the importance of its intuition. The topic of discussion was another, different for me from the last question I had decided to ask, one last question and the resulting response, which intrigued me, subjugated me, and forced me to build further on the subject.
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